First World War, The Monument to the Mexican Revolution, Zimmerman Telegram

The Mexican Revolution was one of the few ones in the world, with specific reasons mainly social.

La revolución mexicana fue una de las pocas que hubo en el mundo, principalmente por razones sociales.

Pancho Villa

Pancho Villa, the Revolution General that invaded the US and robbed banks for the cause.

Revolucionarios

Revolucionarios, Men and armed Women (Adelitas)

Territorio de Mexico

Mexican Territory, through time.

The Monument  building was initially planned as the Federal Legislative Palace during the regime of Porfirio Díaz, but its construction stopped when the Revolution started. There was no money to finish this glorious project.

Inicialmente el edificio iba a ser el palacio federal legislativo, iniciando durante el régimen de Porfirio Díaz, sin embargo, la construcción se detuvo por la Revolución y el presupuesto se asignaba a otras partidas.

Palacio Legislativo

The Federal Legislative Palace that never was built.

Monumento Revolucion Mexicana

The main part of the building, 60 meters high. Was going to  be demolished.

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Today the Monument holds the history of the Mexican Revolution along some painting replicas from authors of  that time like Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco among others.

Hoy en día, en el monumento hay datos históricos de la Revolución mexicana, junto con réplicas de pintores y muralistas de la época como : Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco entre otros.

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There is also a copy of the Zimmerman Telegram which was intercepted by the United Kingdom and it gave reasons for the United States to participate in the First World War. The telegram was a request from the Foreign Secretary of the German Empire, Arthur Zimmerman, to his ambassador in Mexico instructing him to make a proposal to make an alliance with Mexican Government to make a common front against the U.S.

También existe una copia del telegrama Zimmermann, el cual fue interceptado por el Reino Unido el cual dio motivos para que los Estados Unidos participaran en la primera guerra mundial. El telegrama fue una solicitud del Secretario de Asuntos Exteriores, Arthur Zimmermann a su embajador en México para que este hiciera una propuesta de alianza con México para formar un frente común contra los Estados Unidos.

 

Mexico denied the existence of such telegram, and that made leverage to make negotiations with the U.S. The rest is history.

México negó la existencia del telegrama mismo que le dio ventaja para hacer negociaciones con los Estados Unidos. El resto es historia.


Telegrama ZimmermannZimmermann Telegram


Silla Presidencial
Replica of the Mexican Presidential Chair.

Harmonipan

This is a Harmonipan player. Harmonipans, made in Germany, where widely used during the 1900’s at the time of the Mexican ruler, Porfirio Diaz. There are some on the streets still, not that many and they are easy to spot downtown, at fairs, plaza squares or were there is people gathering. They play waltzes and classical music mainly.

One of these was sold at Christie’s for $15,121 US in 2000. These harmonipans players for sure don’t know how much they could get for one. The only problem is that then we would miss them on the streets. See here the bid at Christie’s

Weekly Photo Challenge: Journey

A journey means many things seen from different angles. My point of view today has to do with cycles, and particularly,  cycles always have a starting point and go on and on.

If you are into history, music and art this post is definitely a journey.

I took this photographs at the Rotunda of Illustrious Persons. These are their resting place. Keep in mind that Mexico and its peoples  are a surreal culture.

This is a journey  through the  people who have contributed to our history, current and past.

I will be brief as I do want you to go through all these interesting stories…

This grave belongs to Dolores del Rio. She was a hollywood  actress who married Cedric Gibbons in the 30’s. At some point she related to Orson Wells. You know, the “love” kind  of relationship.

You probably have heard of Diego Rivera. If you haven’t he was a muralist whom Nelson Rockefeller asked to paint a mural at Rockefeller Center.  And what about it? Well, he included the russian Lenin on it, which Nelson didn’t appreciate much and the mural was later destroyed. Pity.

And if you never heard of him, he was married to Frida Kahlo… She was very famous ok?

David Alfaro Siqueiros, painter and muralist…

Siqueiros as Diego Rivera, was also a muralist.

He was a communist and once was part of an unsuccessful  attempt to kill Leon Trosky, which by that time lived in Mexico. Oh I forgot! He finally was assassinated but not before having an affair with Frida Kahlo.

Have you heard the song Granada (Juan Diego Flores, sings, Britt Musical Awards)? Ask anyone from Spain and they will say yes!  Agustin Lara was a composer. He wrote Granada when flying to Spain before even having been in Granada.

He Also wrote “You belong to my heart”, Elvis Presley sang that once.

Juventino Rosas, one of my favorites. He wrote a Waltz  “Sobre las Olas” ( Over the Waves, played by the Central Military Band of the Russian Ministry of Defense)

This Waltz was even thought to be Austrian… click on the link, you might find you have heard this before and never thought it was from a mexican compser.

I was surprised when I saw this grave. Two important characters for Mexico: Francisco Gonzalez Bocanegra and Jaime Nuno.

They wrote the Mexican Anthem in used since 1854.

It was the time of Porfirio Diaz, president (and dictator). He wanted our country to have an anthem which didn’t have at that time. He launched a contest in the country, so poets, musicians, writers could participate… there was money for the winner.

Two situations happened here. Gonzalez Bocanegra  the one who wrote the lyrics, was locked in a room by his girlfriend so he could write. And so he did.

Later, they would get married.

They won the contest for the national anthem and even though a rumor said they didn’t receive any payment, they did.

-“because I see at the end of my rough way that I was the architect of my destiny.” -Amado Nervo

Amado Nervo was a modernist. His works deal with love and religion, both Christianity and Hinduism. Nervo may be the most popular Mexican poet of the 19th century. He was ambassador in Uruguay and Argentina in 1900.

The Rotunda of Illustrious Persons

Within the Cementery of Dolores there is the German, Italian, Actors and Politician ones.

Mexican Independence Day, Military Parade.

September 16th is the day of the Military Parade in Mexico. For some it might be a surprise to see another’s country marching too, like Germany, US, France, Peru, Canada and many others. The parade’s purpose is to celebrate more than 200 years of independence and it is performed every year. It takes place in Mexico City all along Reforma Avenue, which is one of the main streets of the city. There is also a display of air and ground armament, but in times like this I preferred to show only the colorful side of it and forget a bit about what could be seen as means to  war.

There is also thousands of people gathered on the streets to see the parade pass by. I will show you some of that in my next post.